Mexico Visa – Permanent Resident / Residente Permanente (MPRV was FM2)

Summary – Permanent Resident Visa MPRV – If you are a Canadian or US citizen this visa allows you to stay in Mexico for as long as you want without restriction on foreign travel. You will need 4 years of Temporary residency status to get it.

Updated July 13, 2013 If you do not want to take this status after 4 years you do not have to. You will however have to start the application process from outside Mexico at a consulate. In that way you can get another 4 years of MTRV status. You may want to do this for various reasons like problems with having your vehicle in Mexico under a permanent status.

Updated February 2013: Please keep in mind that the current regulations are relatively new (Nov. 2012) so you may have different experiences depending on which office you use. The following information is gleaned from many sources across the internet it is only a summary of what I believe I understand. If in doubt consult a professional or ask a question on a forum to get information about the personal experience of others. If your experience is different or suggests errors in the information presented please comment below. Sharing has served us well in the past and will help us through these changes as well.

If you need to apply for a visa or change your immigration status in any way there is an on line procedure which starts the process. That process has been translated and documented here: INM ONline Immigration Application Procedure for Visas and changes

The cost of the visa is: $4,289 pesos (Updated January 2015).

The application process costs an additional 1,000 pesos.

If you lose your visa the replacement cost is 1,080 pesos (January 2015).

The MPRV can be obtained after 4 years of FM3 or FM2 status or a combination of 4 years of FM3, FM2 and Temporary Resident (MTRV) status. It does however depend when you renewed your FM3 or FM2. For example even if you had several years of FM? but last year had to reapply then you still have 3 years of Temporary status before you can get Permanent. In the case of a spouse of a permanent resident or citizen of Mexico the period is 2 years.

There are other ways to qualify they are:
by next-of-kin right to preserve the family unit
by right to preserve the family unit
by humanitarian reason.

There is a transition period in which if you have a non immigrant card (was FM3) or an Immigrant card (was FM2) which has been renewed 3 or 4 times then you can apply for a change of status to Permanent Residency winthin the 6 months prior to it’s expiry.

Once acquired the MPRV does not have to be renewed unless you are a minor.

There is a minimum income requirement for getting this visa in the range of 2,000 US$ per month or US$126,000 of investments for each individual. You may be required to prove this with bank statements for the past 6 months but the INM offices have the discretion to use a combination of assets including real estate to arrive at an equivalency. The idea is that you should be financially self sufficient.

You cannot have a foreign plated vehicle in Mexico under this status.

You must inform the INM of the following changes within 90 days of their occurrence:


If you have an Immigrado Booklet then you can get a permanent resident card but that is optional. Not sure what the optional part means but INM says so.

Additional Resources:

I have always found the Mexconnect forum extremely useful.

The actual regulations are here in Spanish:

See also Mark’s comment on how to calculate the investment requirement at the very bottom of this page: Temporary Residency

New immigrant residency card and old FM2


user image Clay Roberts

I’ve lived in San Felipe for 11 years. I’m married to a Mexican and Imigration upon applying for my permanent residency wants me to pay a $9000, peso penalty plus they have trumped up a document that say I applied for a 6 month visa which is totally false as I had a temporary residency card for the past 3 years. I’m not that stupid to make a mistake like that! When I ask for proof they have nothing with my signature and denied my permanent card. What a joke. All they want to do is extort money from you!!! Time to pack the supposed good life in.

user image Jim

You cannot have a foreign plated vehicle in Mexico under this status.

Can you provide the statutory support for this statement made above?

user image Dan Abbate

I received my Permanente about a year ago. I’m trying to find out if my permanent residency in Mexico changes the amount I can bring into Mexico duty free. I have read this whole blog and several others and have been unable to find an answer. Thanks.

user image Bonnie McFann

Hello Dan,
I wonder if you could give me your opinion on a couple of things regarding emigrating to Mexico. Is the quality of life better? Is there proper healthcare for disabled people? I am retired and have a significant pension. I have gone to GDL three times in the last year. I am seriously considering moving to Mexico. I’m not sure of the details of living there.

Do you ever regret moving there?

Thank you,
Bonnie McFann

user image MARGIE MARTIN

I am a Residence in Mexico for almost 4 years, just want to know if my husband possible to be a residence too. Because when I petition him last 2015 his card was FM3 and now the expiration will be this September. Is there any chance that my husband to be FM2 once he renew his FM3 ?

user image Cathie

I have retired to Sonora, Mexico on a 180 tourist visa. I am looking for answers to these questions:
The pros/cons of obtaining a permanent residency “green” card?
My goal is to be able to transfer the property deed from a trust to my name. Although the proproperty is within 50 miles of the coast, it is classified as “rustica.” I’ve been told that due to this designation, the property does not fall within the laws of the 50 mile rule. Does anyone know the true answer?
Sonora is a vehicle free zone. With a permanent residency card, would I be required to register my car in Mexico?

user image pamela lopez

Your other question about giving up your trust on your “rustica” property I cannot answer. An attorney told me not to get rid of my trust (which I can do if I become a Mexican, and which I am eligible to do). Because I would then need a will to pass the property to my beneficiary upon my death and I was told that a will is much more of a hassle (b/c of probate) than having the Trust (which easily passes to a beneficiary if one is named in the trust ). I do have a beneficiary listed in my trust so will keep it as is, even if I decide on citizenship. I own a lot in a developed area near the coast and a home and have trusts for each (an expense and hassle). Keep in mind that taxes on undeveloped property (rustica or not) are high when you go to sell, higher than for a home. Putting a house on it will bring the taxes down. There is so much more to this. You should consult with an attorney or do some extensive research as I have done. It is easy to step in “cow pies” in Mexico and I have found that everyone I speak to has a different answer (even attorneys) so I do my own research online where I can get better answers than “asking around”. Wish we could speak in person, as I live in Sonora also, so I could share some info that I have with you. Just be careful please!

user image pamela lopez

One thing I can answer for sure. If you get your “Temporary Resident” card you can keep your car and drive it anywhere in Mexico (even outside of the free zone). For driving outside of the free zone you will need to get a temporary import permit at the border (which requires you to pay a bond, which means you present a credit card, and if you do not turn in the permit prior to the expiration date they will debit your card. As long as you turn in your permit on time it costs you nothing). The Free Zone for Sonora ends just south of Empalme. If you get a “Permanent Resident” card you cannot get a permit which means you cannot drive your vehicle outside of the Free Zone. Your only option if you want to drive out of the Free Zone in the case of being a Permanent Resident is to import your vehicle (the fees are high and there are restrictions, and since I have a couple cars – Mazda and Suzuki-I cannot import them, they are considered japanese which are exluded). I have been investigating the advantages of “Temporary” Vs. “”Permanent” and really don’t see any other than not having to renew every year or so (cost wise you are probably ahead somewhat). I am in the process of investigating if there is an advantage to becoming permanent or a citizen (which I can do since I have children born in Mexico) insofar as property taxes are concerned and have yet to find any advantage, but am investigating further and will be consulting an attorney about that. I own a home which I will probably be selling in the future. So far my decision will be to remain “Temporary” so I can keep my vehicles. Feel free to email me.

user image tom

I hold Residente Permanente and will be driving out of Baja into the US, I will then fly back to San Jose within the week, What documentation will I need 1. to leave, 2 to return and go thru immigration at the airport in SanJose. I normally fly in and out and get a document at the airport when I leave and show it and they take it upon my retuen.
Thank you,

user image Hal Wambach

I am having a hard time connecting with the Mexican consulate in Nogales (nobody answers the phone and the email address comes back ‘permanent failure’.
Anyway, I was able to obtain a four year RT when the new rules started to be put in place four years ago. The visa expires this January. I’ve been told that I can’t renew the RT and have to move on to a RP. Is this true?
Who do I talk to? Where do I go? What do I do? and What do I bring with me?
BTW I own a home in Alamos that I was able to use as my asset base (Certified Appraisal) instead of Bank statements. Is this still the case?
Thanks in advance for any advise or point of contact.

user image Hussain

Respected Sir or Madam

Subject: Permanent Residency in Mexico

We are Family Husband, Wife and 6 Years Daughter and 4 Years Son

We are doing Business in Thailand Last 5 Years
And National of Pakistan

And we want to know that if we will come in Mexico as a tourist visa and after that how can we will get Permanent Residency in Mexico

And what are Requirements?
And how Much time Require?

How Much Expense requires for all Family to Permanent Residency in Mexico?

Kind Regards

From Syed Muhammad Hussain and Family
Contact :+66 962950050

user image william seaver

My wife lost her temporary resident card . what is the cost to get it replaced.

user image allen

hello there,
what is the procedure for replacing a lost permanent residency card please?
thank you,

user image Dede

My wallet is lost or stolen. I need to replace my Resident Permanente card. Anyone know the amount and process for the replacement?

user image allen

Hey there Dede did you find out how to replace your permanent residentcy card? if so could you direct me to the site please?
thank you.

user image Stanislav Boldyriev

I am a Ukrainian citizen and I am in Mexico on an electronic authorization for 6 months. If i plan on staying longer to do work with a religious organization, is it possible for me to get a permanent residence or some form of status here in México?

user image Annette

I am a citizen of the U.S. but I am married to a Mexican citizen. We want to live in Mexico. But I am getting alot of different answers to this. We already have two homes in Mexico and two in the U.S. I want to stay year round but can I legally? I only have a passport.

user image Roy Floyd

Been there, done that, and very recently. According to Article 30 B II of the Mexican Constitution you become a Mexican citizen once you and your spouse establish your domicile in Mexico for two years. I’m four months into that process. My wife is Mexican, married in U.S. 25 years ago. Numerous vacations to Mexico during that period, along with the purchase of a house. After having recently retired it was time to move here and collect on the citizenship offer. The first thing you should to do is legalize your marriage in Mexico if you were married in the U.S. You’ll need an apostille of the marriage certificate, along with one of your birth certificate, all translated. Your spouse will need to produce a Mexican birth certificate and IFE. Take it all to the registro civil in the town your house is in and they’ll issue you a certified acta de matrimonio. With that you’re armed to go INM, the Mexican migra, and get a Temporary Resident Visa for 2 years, total about 6,000 pesos. The INM office must be the designated one for the area of your residence. My green card took about 2 weeks, but I’ve heard it might be 3 months, during which time you may not leave the country, but your resident status will begin on the day of your application. After two years is up, you’re ready to take all this to the Secretary of Exterior relations and apply for citizenship, which requires an exam in Spanish of basic Mexican culture/history (waived if you’re over 60). ¡Buena Suerte!

user image Dan Martinez

Can I travel back and forth to USA with my Mexican Permanent Resident Card? I still own a house in USA and have family and friends I want to see.

user image Billl

Yes, think of it as the same thing Americans call a “Green Card”. Except unlike the American Green Card which expires every 10 years, the Mexican temp has an expiration date, the perm does not. With an American passport and an Mexican green card, you can cross the border at will, in eithet direction.

user image Les

Do you need to get a re-entry permit if you leave Mexico with a temporary visa?

user image simon

Can I apply for permanent residency based on retirement , then later on change my status if I want to work for my mexican registered company ?

user image Norman Long

I now have a permanent vis in my passport. Where do I get the canje application form and what is the procedure for changing it to a card

user image Nusta

I have MTRV for four year as a retiree . This year I was ready to apply for permanent visa . My FM2 expired on September 8. I was in the emergency room in USA August 21st and I must to cancel my flight twice( August 26 and September 28) until I got better . Although I showed my two cancelled flight and my papers of the hospital in USA they says I loose all my historial and I must to start all over again. Meaning 4 more years. I feel in limbo with my status, no document to show in my way out , since I have no document to prove entering Mexico , just the stamp in my passport. INM took my expired document and beside taking written declaration of the facts and photo they gave me a letter to show in the airport and I have 30 days to leave Mexico. They recommended me to go SF Mexican Consulate and apply for permanent resident visa as a retiree. Its the best option , the other two were to apply for affiliation with a permanent resident and wait for two years or to start all over again 4 years or waste my time with a negative answer reporting my case. I would like to know where I can find and print the forms to fill out , to gain time before I arrive to USA. Thank you. Its a great page!

user image Al

Hi All, Is there a restriction on when I can apply for a Permanent Residency Visa as long as I show the investment requirement? I am retired but not receiving a pension yet.

user image beckie

I don’t believe there is a restriction on when you can file but it must be started in the country of origin which is a change from the past. I obtained my “permanente residente” visa while in the US this past summer and am now in the process of waiting for the permanent card. You can go to the INM website and begin the process online. Instructions are available (e.g. # of copies you will need for each step) but I would recommend going into the office personally. In addition to your passport and 30 day cajena you will need to construct a letter to a local authority (whose name will be given to you by INM) indicating you are not going to work or rely on the Mexican government for income. Along with this letter and completed form, you will be provided with instructions to return the original receipt from a bank showing you paid (~ $420.00), provide proof (utility, bank, property tax, etc), take fingerprints and eventually receive your permanent card. It does take some time but believe in the long run you will find it cost saving. Hope the information helps….hang in there.

user image Jan Burrell

My husband and I have our residente temporal cards and in January next year, we can apply for our permanente cards.
My question is, what benefit is it to us to get the permanent status? We own a condo in Puerto Vallarta, we are both retired and do not plan on working in Mexico and we do not plan on making Mexico our year round home. We plan on staying only 4-5 months at a time.
Can we not just revert back to the tourist status?
I don,t see any benefit to us going through with the permanent residence application.
Any input would be greatly appreciated.

user image pamela lopez

Note: This is only my opinion based on my online research: I see no advantage to changing from temporary to permanent. One question would be: “are you driving a car into Mexico?” And if so and you change from Temporary to Permanent you will no longer be able to have your car (without importing it-and you will need to investigate to see if you car is excluded as it must be a NAFTA car and be more than 8 years old). With temporary you can drive your car into Mexico and with permanent you cannot. Now, insofar as going back to a tourist it is problematic when you sell your property, as you will be socked with high taxes. As a temporary or permanent resident your taxes (property gains tax especially) will be much less. Do not go tourist! Be careful. There are many ends and outs and “cow pies” to be stepped in when selling property in Mexico. Insofar as Temporary Vs. Permanent I see no advantage to permanent. That said I am still investigating the tax consequences (especially gains tax) of becoming either permanent or mexican citizen (I am eligible for mex citizenship but there gain so far I see no benefit since I am retired and not interested in working in mexico). My research so far shows no difference in tax rates between temporary and permanent but I am still researching that so don’t take my word on it.

user image pamela lopez

IF you do not have a car in Mexico there might be the advantage of a lower cost for the Permanent Vs. Temporary. However, actually only being in Mexico for a few months a year might exclude you from both temp and perm.

user image jim

I also have a home in Mexico. I keep hearing that it is better to have a permanent visa vs. a temp visa( mine now is a 3 yr visa. perticularily when you sell your home.
Can you please help to explain. Thanks.

user image Wendy Rawady

Our realtor says the taxing of a house sold does not qualify for the 1st $300,000 exemption (as your family home) and you get taxed. Apparently that is a high amount. I just wonder how it balances with the high cost of the fees for FM 3, 2 and then this permanent card.

user image gary black

I have had Permanent Residence for two years now. Question is, does a Permanent Residence still have to fill out the FMM (Forma Migratoria Multiple) upon departure from Mexico. I fly to Canada several times a year, starting from Cancun or Merida and have used the forms but it does not say, on the form, that a Permanent Residence is required to fill out form. When I arrive back from Canada, they put me through the Mexican residents immigration line. Much easier.

Anyway, if you have any info on this, please drop me an e-mail.

Many thanks, in advance, for your help.

user image Julian Flavell

This is a great page! I am a residente permanente as my son is mexican as is my wife. My wife is going to do a PHD in the Uk for a year, Can i leave the country for 12 months or more then return to Mexico without problems? Will i lose my permanent residency ?hould i inform the local INM office that i will be in the UK for a year? Im worried theyll tell me something different to the official regulations



user image MARY

I am a permanent resident and I already have my car here on a 180 day permit. Can I keep my car here without going to the border and having it imported. I became a permanent resident only a week ago.

user image pamela lopez

As a permanent resident you cannot have your car and have a limited amount of time for removing it (not sure how long but my understand is that it is immediate). If you want to keep your car you must import it and that is costly and there are restrictions (it must be a NAFTA car and be more than 8 years old). This is the main reason I did not go Permanent, and am staying temporary. I see no advantage of temp vs. permanent other than the cost and avoiding the hassle of renewal.

user image Alan

Is there still a way to apply directly for permanent residency based on higher levels of income or investments? I’ve checked some consulate sites and they don’t give much/any info.


user image jonathan

yes just have 3 months bank statements proving income… a purpose letter..reason for retirement.. a copy of all passport pages.. download the permanent resident form and a couple of passport photos the mexican consulate will process your visa and give you an appointment then place a mexican id in your passport for entry $36

user image anita

What are the benefits of permenant residency? any healthcare, tax credits abeside being able to stay in the country full time.

user image pamela lopez

I see no advantage other than cost and the hassle of renewing every year or so. There may be capital gains cost advantages (if you own a home which you will sell in the future) but to date with my research I have found none. Keep in mind that if you go permanent you cannot have a US/Canadian plated vehicle (you can import it with certain restrictions on what type of vehicle you have). I had the same question and will stay temp b/c I have my car in Mexico.

user image jonathan

I have a neighbor stealing my electricity for years (over $almost $3000 pesos every 2 months)… now I can put bills in my name and report them… you can also get bank accounts

user image Larry

Don’t understand Jonathon’s remarks. I have a temporary visa and have bills in my name and a mexican bank account. Permanente is not necessary for this.

user image Frederick Jackson

I needed the FM2 to get a credit card at my bank, but the FM3 was fine just to open a checking ATM account.

user image SYLVIA McRAE


user image johne


my experience was actually not bad alot of trips tho.

well i am a mexican citizen (by birth) my wife and kids are us citizens (by birth).

well the first time my wife applied for permente residency which was around april of 2014, we were missing everything, my kids werent mexican citizens, their birth certificate only showed my first name. so i had to correct their birth certificate to have my complete name.

once that was done, i took the corrected bbirth certificates to the registro civil and begin to register them as mexicans (kids of mexican citizens get the natuality right away). after about 3 weeks i had gotten them registered and got translated birth certificate.

with that birth certificate i got their curp (social security number in a way), enrolled in IMSS, and got their mexican passports (yes, its a requirement)

once i had all that, i requested a work letter from my job stating how much i make and since when, me and my wife also had to write letters about why we were requesting this.

we turned in everything at the beginning of Feb. 2015.

the payments to start the process was around 1000 pesos, then once she was approved it was 3800 something pesos, she did this all under her FMM the visitor visa, ehich cost 360 pesos to get.

also the passports were around 1200 for 3 years for my 7 yr old
and around 700 for 1 yr for my 1 yr old.

my wife was granted perminent residency on march 17, 2015. a week later they give her the fm2.

user image Amy

Hi Johne,
I have a question for you. Did you have to pay that large fee to register your kids as Mexicans? My husband is a born Mexican. We have 3 children. I am wondering if we will have to pay that fee for each of us or if the kids are free? Also, my children have U.S. passports, will we still need to get Mexican Passports? Lastly, is there still an income requirement for us? My husband lives in Mexico. Has been deported from the U.S. for 5 years now, so do we still have to provide income requirements?
I appreciate any feedback you have for me.
Thank You!

user image pamela lopez

There is no income requirement for Mexican citizens and you do not need Mex passports. You have dual citizenship as do your children. Your husband does not. Not sure what the fee is but it is not alot.

user image David

After 4 years of Temporary Residency and then applying for Permanent Residency, do I understand correctly that they will NOT accept solvency verification from employment income? I am on salary and work from home and will be doing so for the next 12-15 years. Is it likely they will decline an application for Permanent Residency?

user image Kahtleen

when i went from temp to perm, i didn’t have to provide anything other than my passport.

user image Sue

What city did you apply for your permanent resident card? We are due next year and have heard some people have still had to provide bank statements etc., others it was automatic. Thanks

user image PHYLLIS REAL

They would not except my copy of marriage liscense even though it was stamped with the state Apostilla stamp. If I have to return to US to get this and my temporary has expired will I still be able to get the permanent residency/ I have had the temporary for 2 years and it expires march 7th. I did not know I had to have that original until now. My husband is Mexican.

user image Steve

Can I check online anywhere are call somewhere to see if I can apply for permanate resident? We have had our temporary resident for almost seven years but our notary says “you have to wait one more year”. Getting suspicious.

user image Kathy

If you have always paid and renewed your visas on time, you should be able to get it after four years. But if you were even ONE DAY LATE with your renewal in the past, you have to start the process over from the beginning, from that date. So, for example, if you renewed late in 2012, for example, then you will be starting your four year countdown from that date in 2012. It happened to me when I renewed a few weeks late one year. No one tells you this. 🙁

user image pamela lopez

There is no income requirement for Mexican citizens and you do not need Mex passports. You have dual citizenship as do your children. Your husband does not. Not sure what the fee is but it is not alot.

user image James Mathis

Does permanent residence status have any effect on the amount that you can bring into Mexico duty free?

user image Monica

i want to get my Permanent residency thru my children who have dual citizanship. what do i need.

user image ronald

i am a american in living in acapulco, i”m broke as hell, unable to find work due to language problems, any ways, i have a daughter here, i flew down, week before my tourist visa expired i went to mexico, immigration, for permanent resident status, i had all my paperwork ready, 2 weeks i had my permanent resident green card, ohh , mexico immigration, came to my house here in mexico to check everything i said was true, they told me they now do this each in every time, as too many people been caught lying, they told me the biggest thing is wrong address to go to visit the house and it turns out to be a restaurant or office building, so this is why they now double check every thing

so do not lie at all on your app !!!

user image Joysol

Does this mean with a permanent residence visa you can return to your country or elsewhere for two consecutive years with occasional visits to Mexico, without loosing your status? If you plan to retire in the future with your permanent visa, but need to relocate temporarily for a while, due to work, or personal reasons , but have intentions to return to Mexico in the future, you will not risk loosing your permanent status? I don”t know if you loose your rights and have to start over if you need to leave for two or more years and or if youneed to show xxx number of days in Mexico each year to retain your permanent while you are temporarily working in another country.

user image daniel

La residencia permanante is, in fact, permanent. You can leave Mexico and go wherever you like for however long you”d like, and you”ve still got the same status as when you left. What”s more, when you do decide to come back, you get to go through the “Mexicans” line at customs at the airport rather than the “Foreigners” line. (However, you can”t buy property within 50m of the border or the coast, supposedly for reasons of national security, and you cannot express any political opinions or be present in a protest march. Yes, I know it sounds strange, but I”ve asked around. Apparently, that”s the law.)

user image Elena R.M.

I have a question, If I have the Permanente visa, could I sell my property and would anyone have any reference as how to sell it how much interest, to who do I pay taxes, and If my property is near the cost, Its legally not correct to sale?

user image Elena

So, with my visa de residente permanente I can stay out of Mx with no restriction? I am already in another country, to stay here do I have to request (now or before I travelled) any permission? Thanks

user image Liberty Abdon

I am working here in Mexico and will soon process my permanent visa and i have a plan of getting my spouse to live here with me, may I know how”s the process and what are the requirements. Thank you.

user image luciana johnson

Would you tell me how the process is done?? What documents do i need?

user image KCee

I have a permanent resident card and am on my way to mexico City for apply for naturalization. I was told (before) that I would be able to leave the country after that application as long as I was available to return for any meetings at the Secretary of Foreign Affairs which I would be able to. Now I am told, no, I have to stay in Mexico the entire time the application is in process. The lawyer is being very noncommittal — this is a huge commitment for me as I am needed part time back in my home country. Can I get the truth?

user image Johan

I am not sure how the naturalization process unfolds but for other applications what happens is they take your current document as part of the process so you have no valid documents until you get your new ones.

There is, however, a document called “permiso de salir y regressar” – permission to leave and return. Try asking your lawyer about that or ask another lawyer and maybe give him/her this link:

user image JR

Under what circumstances does a PR in Mexico living in Mexico have to file and pay income tax to Mexico?

You wouldn”t believe how hard it is to find a straight answer on this.

user image Bill Brooks

You only have to pay Mexican income tax on income earned in Mexico. Retirement payments from a foreign company, investments that generate income or capital gains from stocks in other countries, social security from other countries, capital gains from the sale of properties in foreign countries, etc are not subject to income tax in Mexico. If you have rental properties in Mexico, the income is subject to both income tax on the profit from operations and sales tax on the gross rental amount (IVA) regardless of where you receive the money (a US bank account, for instance). If you work in Mexico, either for yourself or someone else in Mexico or a Mexican corporation, you are subject to Mexican income tax (there are different rules for people working for a foreign company but are based in Mexico)

The income is deemed “earned in Mexico” if the work or the rental property that generated the income is in Mexico. If you sell a property that you own in Mexico, you are subject to Mexican capital gains taxes, if there is any capital gains on the sale.

Income in Mexico is taxable in the month in which the income is received, not when the goods or services are provided, which may be days, weeks or months after payment is received.

Income taxes and sales taxes (from rentals, for example) are due monthly in Mexico payable to Hacienda/SAT (Mexican IRS) and you file an annual tax return (Declaración Anual).

It”s best to have a good Mexican accountant review your specific situation and advise you as to your Mexican tax liabilities.

If you are American and you earn income in Mexico, you are subject to US taxes as well on the Mexican income equal to the difference between your US tax liability minus your Mexican tax liability. You are not double taxed by the IRS. You may need an American tax attorney to assist you with this (recommended).

user image Amanda

I know that the permanent residency card implies that i can be in mexico as long as i want basically,but i want to know what is not allowed…..Can I go back to the states without problems……Do I have to come back to mexico

I have no idea what to do…Either i can stay temporary or I can go be permanent.


user image Johan

Amanda: Both temporary and permanent status allow you to stay in Mexico as long as you want. The main difference is that the permanent status does not have to be renewed and can lead to citizenship.

user image Derrick

Hi. A friend of mine who has a mexican permanent residence recently went on holiday and was told that he had to have a return ticket in order to leave the country.
I also have a permanent residence and I am going on holiday for a few weeks, however I only bought a one way ticket. Will I have to buy the return before I go in order to leave the country?

user image Stever

when I left Seattle on southwest airlines I was told that I needed to have a return trip booked. I asked them to look into it further because I have a permanent residence card and was required to fill out paperwork before I left Mexico instead of when I arrive. It appears that everybody is in the same learning process but eventually they let me go when she found out it was OK.

user image Denise

I am a US citizen and lived in Mexico for 27 years and had permanent residency. I returned to the states 6 years ago. Is my permanent residency still valid? Did I need to renew it these last years?

user image Johan

If you had the old FM2 it has expired and you will need to start the process of getting a temporary visa at a Mexican embassy in your home country. Once you have had that for 4 years you can get permanent residency status which does not have to be renewed.

user image Paul

what about time restrictions on being out of Mexico during those 4 years with a Temporary Reisdent? I”d like to have the Permanent Resident status when I retire (likely, years and years from now but who knows, or just in case the SHTF here in the US and I would hope it would allow me across easier, compared to other AMericans who don”t have it..

Basically, Do you need to show a consistently strong presence there to be eligible for the Permanent Resident?

It sounds from others once you get Permanent it doesn”t matter how long your in Mexico.

user image Johan

There are no restrictions on being out of the country that I am aware of and I agree that the permanent residency also does not require any specific amount of time in country.

user image Cobra

Hello Everyone, I sure hope someone has had one of these 2 experiences. We are getting the pre-document (Visa) for residente permanente in Canada in late August. We then plan to fly to Playa del Carmen and convert that visa into the Permanente card- I understand we have 30 days once we enter Mexico to do this. Has anyone done this, how long does it take? The idea is to then fly back, get the truck and cargo trailer and drive back down with a ménaje de casa and import the vehicle etc. the OTHER option is to try to do this with the PRE document right away, hit the border with the truck etc and try to import the truck, but of course I haven”t heard of anyone doing either of these, and I worry that because it”s only the PRE document (canje) the vehicle would be a TIP not nationalized, we would then have to drive back to the border and do the nationalizing once we have the permanente car- confused– yuppp me too. Most important is trying to see/find out the time it takes to convert at INM- anyone???

user image tom

Also if I do have to renew do I have to pay for two years since I didn”t renew last year ??

user image tom

I got my card with my wife 1 and a half years ago and it says inmigrante and she is I citizen so I think it is a resident card but I”m not sure because it has an expiration date. So I”m confused because I”m going back there now and I will want to work so do I have to renew or what? I don”t think so because it doesn”t say temporary . It just says inmigrante

user image Tony

Hi guys

We have permanent residency and need to go to the States.

I know the restriction on leaving the country for a number of days have fallen away but since we are giving up our rental property we will go the safe route as to inform immigration that we are leaving. As far as we know you have to inform them of any address change so by doing so it probably would be safer.

user image Dustin

If I am getting my permanent residency through my Mexican child, do I still need the income requirement?

user image Johan

I believe not Justin. It would not make sense since the part of the law you are using is aimed at family reunification.

user image Julie

I have the permanent resident card. When am I eligable for dual citizenship? I also need a referral in Tijuana. The guy who used to help us with this kind of thing closed down.

user image Adam Aladdin


I got FM2 since 2009 as retista, i kept renew my fm2 till now which is last year i got Temporal Residence and 2 years married in mexico which is my wife is mexican. is it possible to be qualify this year PR? my Temporary residence will be expire by next month, please advice. thanks.

user image Cortez Blue

I have my perm resident card and I normally drive into Baja. I am flying into PV for a weeks vacation. I know in the past it was a pain with Fm2/3. I had to have documentation on the way in and out. I don’t have any exit paperwork. What are the new rules and do I have to do the same stuff and get documentation when I leave?

user image kevin

hi i am from lebanon and i have the permanent resident in mexico do i can travel to europe without visa only with the permanent resident? thanks for your help

user image Johan

Kevin: I am not an expert but I can tell you that the MPRV does not replace my need for a passport even to return home to Canada so I think the answer to your question is no.

user image Mark

I have an arrest record for minor weed. I was taking chemo and had the marijuana with me on the bus. I was charged, spent three nights in prison (almost died) and convicted and am now on I probation.
I have had an FM-3 & then FM-2 for many years and now a temp that is good for another three years.
I have a business, houses land my wife and grandson here
May I get my permanent residency with a felony conviction?.

user image Johan

Sorry Mark but I do not know. I have not heard of any similar situation but neither have I heard of any criminal record checks.

user image wkramer

I now have a permanent Resident card. What is the process now when I want to fly back to the states since I no longer have an FMM to turn in at the airport?

user image Johan

At the airport you go to the INM desk and they will give you what is needed. You should have a slip of paper from when you entered but if you have lost that they can also fix you up.

user image Michael

My wife is from Mexico , we both live in the states now but plan to retire in a couple of years to be with her family. What do i need to do to get a permanent resident ? Do I have to get a temp first?

user image Johan

Yes you need to start with a Temporary Residency for 4 years unless you or your wife are Mexican then it is a bit different. Go to a Mexican consulate to start the process with an entry visa.

user image Natasha Stewart

I have the permanent residency because I have been working here and need to know if I must continue to work at a Mexican Company. I am starting to work online for a US company and was wondering if I need to submit any paperwork to immigration if I leave the Mexican company.

user image Melanie

We have started the process of getting permanent residency and were told to go to the mexican Consulate web site to get a form on line called canje FMM to Permanent at the INM web site. I clicked on English, clicked on applications and was told the form would be there in English. I could not do it. Where can I get this form on line. We are leaving for Mexico on Saturday to complete this process. Thank you.

user image Johan

A couple of things.

1. I am not aware of the form’s existence in English. Try reading this:

2. One would not go from FMM to Permanente. Unless you have Mexican family you need to apply at a consulate outside Mexico for an entry visa and then take that to the INM office within 30 days of your arrival in Mexico.

user image Nadine

Why is it some people are getting permenenti without the four year temporary and others have to do the four year regardless the amount of money in bank.

user image laneir

I am one of those people. My specific case granted me permanent residence without a four year wait because my daughter and husband are both Mexican citizens. Vinculo familiar is the application and is for the parents of Mexican citizens and a few others. My husband did my daughters papers then she is the reason my husband could get permanent residence for me w/o the 4 year wait.

user image Bobbi

You can now get a Permanent Residence Visa without having ever lived in Mexico by going to a Mexican Consulate in the States and applying. Then you must go to the closest INM office once you arrive in Mexico and start the rest of the process.

user image Dutchie Van

Great work !!!keep it up. However, I do need your advice on the foll: I am an Afroamerican with permanent residence in Mexico, which is such a beautiful country.The issue here is, there is not a day that goes by that I am not racially harrassed by Mexicans. You FN, go back to your FC. I am insulted and humiliated in every unimagiable way. I even had a bottle thrown at me and told to return to my FC.I would, however, like to be clear that not all Mexicans have have this evil behavior.I have met some very nice ones, but the percentage of racists here is much greater than I would ever expect. What can I do ?

Desperate and uncomfortable.

user image Michael Grosser

Welcome to Mexico…do you REALLY want to live here…I am white….after 12 yrs of BS I am not so sure it is worth the hassel of living here….remember these people enjoy watching bulls and chickens getting killed…they are IMO bloodthirsty as well as uneducated….where else do they mutilate the corpses of victims?……I am considering finding another country….you mite want to as well……Mexico is not going to change for you nor me. Adios Amigo

user image John

as a matter of fact as a PR you do have rights just like any other Mexican….
I would report it to the police…. and since your a different color even better cause it make police think you’ll prb go n talk about how Mexicans behave is and mess up the touristism I’ve seen it happen already.. hope all works out….

greetings from Mazatlan Sinaloa

user image Johan

Dutchie – Really sorry to hear your comments but have no idea how to combat that. With time I suspect and hope things will change.

user image rosi

I have a resident visa since november, and want to germany for 1 1/2 years. As far as I understood I can leave as long as I want, who has any information on this? I don´t want to loose my resident visa.

user image Shirley Fedorak

Are you sure about that? We have residente permanente but our realtor just tried to tell us we would lose it if we are out of the country for more than 6 months.

user image Lise

We have been going in and out of Mexico with tourist visa. We purchased a home in Mexico over 12 years ago. Now we want Permanent status as we would like to live in our home in Mexico. Can we apply for Permanent status without having renewed our FM3? It has been at least 5 years since its expiration.

user image Natasha

I have the Permanent residency: Can I stop working for a Mexican company and take up online work for a US company? or do I have to continue working here? What information would I have to submit to the office to reflect my job change? Is there still a limit on the amount of time I can be out of the country?

user image Johan

The limit on time outside the country on all visa has gone away so no worries about that. If you do not pass the independent income test for residency then as I see it you would not be able to keep a resident visa while working for a non Mexican company. May be a good idea to check with a professional. You can still be here 180 days on as a tourist and you can renew that by crossing the border as many times as you like.

user image Lindsey Janicki

Next Nov 2014 we will get our Residente Permanente. If we decide to bring our 1998 Dodge Voyageur Caravan van into Mexico from BC on our way down to Puerto Vallarta in Oct. do you know what the process will be to nationalize it at the border and the approx. cost?

user image Teresa

Once the Residente Permanente card is obtained, does it need to be renewed? And if so, how many years before renewal and how much does it cost for a renewal?

user image Johan

That is the great thing about Permanente. It never has to be renewed unless you are under 18 years.

user image Donald

If you work in Mexico and have lucrativa status, you need to report every year.

user image Gus

If I have a temporary or permanent visa and I want to have my USA registered/licensed car (and maintain it registered in the USA) in Baja sur full time will I need to get it nationalized?

user image Jackie Burns

If I fill out the online application and get a reply ” si” that all is OK, is the document automatically sent to the Mexican govt.

user image ee

There are several things on which which are just wrong. You do not need the income check, if you have the temp residency for 4 years for one thing, another is applying 6 months before, and some of the other stuff is qustionable at best.

It’s mexico, so your milage may vary

user image Johan

There are probably many inaccuracies and we appreciate you pointing them out. It is to benefit from the knowledge of others that we publish these pages. No one at the is an expert or qualified to give legal advice. You should seek professional assistance when needed.

user image Paul

I’m a little confused…This website says that with a combination of four years with a FM2 or FM3 one must apply for the MPRV. However, it also says “even if you had several years of FM? but last year had to reapply then you still have 3 years of Temporary status before you can get Permanent” (MPRV?). I have had an FM2 for two years. I now need to renew it for the second time. This seems to be a contradiction or what am I misunderstanding? Thanks

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *