Guamúchil

Research and photos thanks to Ken and Bea.

The Guamúchil tree produces a bean like pod which turns a little bit pink and starts to pop open.

seed pods of guamúchil tree

The pods are produced by a tree member of the Bean Family, PITHECELLOBIUM DULCE. In English the main name for it appears to be Manila Tamarind, but that’s unfair, since it’s a native Mexican tree and was introduced into Manila, as it also was in many other tropical areas. In Hawaii it’s even become a weed tree. Around Jaltemba Bay the tree is called Guamúchil.
Guamúchil tree

tree trunk

When the legumes mature they acquire a rosy blush on their exterior, split, and expose a white, pulpy material inside which black, shiny beans are embedded. You peel open the pods the way you would a big garden bean, eat the white stuff, and throw away the hard, black bean which is about the size of a watermelon seed. Some trees produce sweeter pulp than others. They are often for sale at the tianguis and from truck parked on the street but not common in local stores.
weight scale

Botanically, the edible white pulp is the seed’s “aril,” which is an outgrowth from the funicle, which is the umbilical-cord-like thing connecting the seed to the pod’s midrib. In some seeds arils are bright and showy, helping attract potential, hungry seed-disseminators.

The “dulce” in the species’ Latin name led me to expect the white aril to be sweet, since that’s what “dulce” means. However, I found it about as bitter as it was sweet. In my opinion, this is another example of nature creating something that’s good-tasting enough to make you snack on it as you walk down a road, but not good enough to make a memorable meal.

Local Mexicans seem to relish them much more than I. The pods are even on sale in the market. I expect it’s one of those cultural things, like Limburger cheese or gefiltafish: You have to be born into the culture to really appreciate it.

leafs of the tree

Guamúchil’s leaves are easy to recognize. Above you can see how the compound leaves alternate upon the stem. Each leaf consists of two leaflets which in turn are divided into two asymmetrical leaflets, looking like butterfly wings. Therefore, each leaf consists of four leaflets.
The name “monkeypod” is more commonly used for the rain tree (Albizia saman). Other names include blackbead, sweet Inga, cuauhmochitl (Nahuatl), guamúchil … Description:

P. dulce is a tree that reaches a height of about 5 to 8 m (16 to 26 ft). Its trunk is spiny and its leaves are bipinnate. Each pinna has a single pair of ovate-oblong leaflets that are about 2 to 4 m (6.6 to 13 ft) long. The flowers are greenish-white, fragrant, sessile and reach about 12 cm (4.7 in) in length, though appear shorter due to coiling. The flowers produce a pod with an edible pulp. The seeds are black.
The seeds are dispersed via birds that feed on the sweet pod. It is drought resistant and can survive in dry lands from sea level to an elevation of 300 m (980 ft), making it suitable for cultivation as a street tree.
flowers

seed pods on tree bags of pods truck full of beans

18 Comments

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user image Sandra

Hola..
Thank you for your info. I pass this tree on the way to work in the Coachella Valley and the pods are ripe now. People stop to pick them and eat them on the spot.
I want to grow some but how?
(I can share seeds with anyone who helps me.)

user image gregorio valdez

I just planted them in ground about 2 inches deep. next to my rose bushes and they grow with no especial way .what street or exit is the trees in coachella at i tried to look for them but no luck .i leave in perris ca .

user image Carl Vernon

Thank you for a most informative and interesting article.
Have you any others about trees ? If so I would like to read them.
The name Manilla Tamarind is ideosyncratic and misleading
Do you have the tamarind tree Tamarindus indica planted in you region ?
Thanks again from South Africa
Carl

user image cheryl

My Guamuchil tree is at least 50ft. Tall. The seed pulp is dulce! I collected more seeds & ate. Very good:-)

user image norma

I saw your post. Where can I get some of the fruit? And is it legal to grow them in CA. Could also send some pictures of the tree/fruit in jpeg form?

Thank you

Norma

user image Ozzy

I would also like to know where I can get some. I live in San Diego but willing to travel to get some of this delicious fruit I have not tasted in over 30 yrs. but still remember the tast as a child. Please email me to let me know. thanks.

user image gregorio valdez

I bought some in tijuana across the street of the catholic church on 2nd street .i planted the seeds about 2 years ago and the trees are about 5 feet tall .i live in southern california in perris . Every winter it seems to kill them but they just get back to life any help .when will i see fruit how many years does it take to fruit .my neighbor goes every year to coachella valley and picks them off the street he gives me some there good .

user image ruben villa

cuanto dura un arbol para dar fruto ????

sembre unos 5 arboles y ya tienen un pie de altura…

gracias..

user image lop

si, y te los puedes comer de muchas formas ..
de la mata
secos
frescos tostados en el comal y con limon y chile
etc etc..

user image Forage Abril y Mayo « vsvevg

[…] Huamuchiles are odd fruits. To eat them you must remove the white pith of the seed from the pod, and then the seed from the pith; the pith is the fruit. They are like a cross between marshmallows and Styrofoam. There are two kinds, sweet and bitter. The sweet are simply munched as a snack, and they’re addictive, the bitter are used to make atole. Huamuchiles are well-loved treats and I often see families on the camino (path) behind my house, riding burros, carrying cubetas (buckets), dragging chicoles on their way to gather huamuchiles and spend an afternoon in the campo (country). huamuchiles […]

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